North Toronto’s Premier Choice for Dry Eye Treatment

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What is Dry Eye?

Dry eye can be caused by a variety of factors, all of which prevent your eyes from getting the hydration they need. When your eyes aren’t hydrated properly, it can lead to a variety of symptoms and the overall discomfort associated with dry eye.

While it is one of the most common conditions seen by optometrists, many people don’t get the dry eye treatment they need. If you think you might have dry eye, it’s important to visit your optometrist as soon as possible as untreated, dry eye can, in some cases, lead to corneal scarring and tissue damage.


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Symptoms of Dry Eye

Many people experience dry eye differently. Some common symptoms of dry eye include:

  • A burning sensation
  • An aching sensation
  • A gritty feeling
  • Heavy or fatigued eyes
  • Red eyes
  • Increased sensitivity to light
  • Blurry vision
  • Watery eyes

If you’re experiencing some or all of these symptoms, please book an appointment to learn more about your treatment options.

Dry Eye Management

What Causes Dry Eye?

There can be many underlying causes of dry eye, including different medications and medical conditions. While your dry eye symptoms could be triggered by an underlying cause, there are three main factors that ultimately cause dry eye.

Our tears are made up of three layers: the mucin layer, the aqueous (water) layer, and the lipid layer. If these three components are out of balance, your eyes won’t get the hydration they need. One common cause of poor quality tears is meibomian gland dysfunction, which can prevent eyes from getting enough meibum to produce high-quality tears.

Without the lipid layer, tears can evaporate too quickly, leading to evaporative dry eye. Another potential problem causing poor quality tears is the mucin component. Without the right amount of mucin, tears won’t spread evenly across your eyes, preventing proper hydration.

Insufficient tear production occurs when there isn’t enough aqueous fluid. This is known as aqueous deficiency dry eye and can occur when there is a blockage in the tear gland. Without the aqueous component, your eyes won’t get the moisture they need, leading to dry eye.

Inflammation is thought to be an additional cause of dry eye disease, as well as other ocular surface diseases. It’s recognized as both a cause and result of dry eye. Inflammation can contribute to both aqueous deficiency or evaporative dry eye. Inflammation can also occur as a result of dry eye in some cases.

Your Risk of Dry Eye

Certain factors and underlying medical conditions can increase your risk of developing dry eye disease. Risk factors can include:

  • Age
  • Hormonal changes (such as those linked to menopause)
  • Medications
  • Windy, cold, or dry weather
  • Air conditioning or forced-air heating
  • Flying frequently
  • Eyelid problems

Certain medications and medical conditions can also increase your risk of dry eye. Oral contraceptives, antidepressants, anti-histamines, and blood pressure medication are a few types of medications associated with dry eye.

Medical conditions like Sjogren’s syndrome and rosacea are associated with dry eye as well. Up to 80% of patients with rosacea also have meibomian gland dysfunction, a common cause of dry eye. Sjorgren’s syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that affects the body’s ability to produce tears, often resulting in dry eye.

Dry Eye Management

Our Location

Where to Find Us

Find us on the 5th floor of the Hullmark Corporate Centre.

Parking & TTC

Underground parking is accessible via Anndale Drive. The subway can be accessed via the Sheppard-Yonge station.

Our Address

4789 Yonge Street, Suite 505
North York, ON M2N 0G3

Contact Information

Phone: 416-322-0379
Fax: 416-322-9964
info@northtorontovisioncare.com

Hours of Operation

Monday
9 AM5 PM
Tuesday
9 AM7 PM
Wednesday
9 AM5 PM
Thursday
9 AM7 PM
Friday
9 AM1 PM
Saturday
By Appointment
Sunday
Closed

Medically-Focused Optometry Services

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